Registration and Draft Agenda for the ICC Pre-Conference Workshop on Cartography and AI (MapAI 2023)

MapAI 2023: ICC 2023 Pre-Conference Workshop on Cartography and AI

August 12, 2023
Stellenbosch, South Africa

Registration is now open (click here) for the MapAI 2023 Workshop taking place on August 12, 2023 from 9:00 – 17:00 at Stellenbosch University.

A maximum of 50 participants is possible, and no registration fee is required. Registration will close on July 19, 2023.

While this event is planned as an in-person workshop, we will do our best to provide live streaming of the morning lightning talks for fully online participants. If you are interested in attending online talks, please register and indicate that preference using the link above.

Transportation and Lodging information for visiting Stellenbosch can be found here.

Workshop Location

Narga D Computer Lab, Chamber of Mines Building (Geology), Stellenbosch University
82 Ryneveld St, Stellenbosch

Agenda (PDF)

9:00 – 9:20     Welcome, introductions, and overview of the workshop

9:20 – 10:30     Lightning Talks

AI-Assisted Cartography

  • What is a map? Questions about what makes a map a map and the potential for the layers in CartoAI
    Carolyn Fish, University of Oregon
  • The Use of AI in Atlas Projects
    Zhaoxu Sui, University of Oregon
  • Stable Diffusion in Cartography – Opportunities and Challenges
    Raimund Schnürer, Sidi Wu and Lorenz Hurni, ETH Zürich
  • Deep learning empowering global geospatial data production: Examples from industry
    Leigh Lotter, LuxCarta & Stellenbosch University

Adapting and Personalizing Maps with AI

  • Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Cartography: From Sequence Visualization to Interpretation
    Standa Popelka, Palacky University Olomouc
  • Using Eye Tracking and AI to Personalize Map Reading: The importance of open benchmark datasets
    Merve Keskin, NLS Finland
  • Transforming context inference techniques for mobile maps with generative AI
    Mona Bartling, University of Zürich
  • AI for personalising maps and its dangers
    Tumasch Reichenbacher, University of Zürich
  • Where can combining eye-tracking and artificial intelligence take us?
    Pyry Kettunen, NLS Finland

Group Q&A – 25 Minutes from 10:05 – 10:30

10:30 – 11:00     Coffee break

11:00 – 12:00     Lightning Talks

Trust, Ethical Considerations, and Social Implications for Cartography & AI

  • The Ethics of AI-Generated Maps: A Study of DALL·E 2 and Implications for Cartography
    Yuhao Kang, Qianheng Zhang and Robert Roth, University of Wisconsin Madison
  • The Intersection of AI, Trust, and Cartography
    Tim Prestby, Penn State University
  • The importance of trust in maps
    Marketa Beitlova, Palacy University Olomouc
  • Potential Implications of Artificial Intelligence Generated Maps in the Dissemination of Misinformation
    Noah Mead & Amy Griffin, RMIT University
  • Deepfake Maps and Satellite Images: Implications and Opportunities
    Aileen Buckley, Esri
  • The Challenges of Using AI to Promote Further Learning in Cartographic Education
    Lily Houtman, Penn State University
  • Creativity, Labor, & Cartography in the Age of AI
    Jack Swab, University of Kentucky
  • Explainable AI – A Cartographic Imperative
    André Skupin, San Diego State University

Group Q&A – 20 Minutes from 11:40 – 12:00

12:00 – 13:30     Lunch break

13:30 – 14:30     Collaborative Task #1

  • Comparing prompt generation w/ different platforms
  • Generate thematic maps based on statistical data using AI
  • Design a cartographic experiment methodology using an LLM

14:30 – 14:45     Coffee break

14:45 – 16:00     Collaborative Task #2

  • MapAI research question development

16:00 – 16:30     Wrap-up discussion, next steps

  • GeoAI and Cartography: ICA Commission Needs
    Samantha T. Arundel, U.S. Geological Survey

18:00 – 21:00     Dinner (optional, details TBA)



Call for Presentations: ICC 2023 Pre-Conference Workshop on Cartography and AI (MapAI)

The ICA Commissions on Visual Analytics and Cognitive Issues in Geographic Information Visualization are pleased to announce a Workshop on Cartography and AI (MapAI 2023) taking place on August 12, 2023 at Stellenbosch University, South Africa before the ICC 2023 in Cape Town, South Africa.


Amy L. Griffin, RMIT
Anthony C. Robinson, Penn State University
Arzu Çöltekin, FHNW – University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland

Cartographers have assessed the potential use of artificial intelligence for mapping for decades. Early work on expert systems explored AI as early as the 1980s (e.g., Buttenfield 1984; Fisher & Mackaness 1987; Brassel & Weibel, 1988; Johnson & Basoglu 1989). The AI tools of the time were limited by the (lack of) availability of computing power and data. More recently, as AI tools have become both more powerful and easier to use, a few cartographers and computer scientists have begun experimenting with artificial intelligence technologies to see how they might be applied to maps and mapping processes (e.g., Kang et al., 2019; Zhao et al, 2021; Christophe et al., 2022; Zhou et al, 2022; Santos et al., 2023). Others have made initial efforts to review the potential of AI technologies for cartography (Kang et al., 2022), laying out some possibilities and also some points of caution by identifying ethical issues these technologies raise and/or exacerbate. The 2022 launches of DALL·E 2, ChatGPT, and other AI platforms have caught the attention of the general public by making artificial intelligence technologies easy to use for a range of everyday tasks. Some cartographers have already put these to use for assisting their mapping practice (see, for example, There is much more for cartographers to explore, including the potential impacts of the use of AI on map users’ and map makers’ cognitive processes (see Keskin & Kettunen, 2023 for an initial investigation).

In this workshop, we aim to bring together ideation and practical experimentation to collaboratively explore some of the potential and limits of current AI technologies for cartographic practice and map use.

Call for Presentations
The first half of our planned 1-day workshop will be for participants to present Lightning Talks. In 5 minutes presenters will showcase either one major challenge or one significant opportunity you see that intersects between AI and Cartography.

These presentations should focus on frontiers in cartographic research that intersect with AI tools or techniques, and creative/unorthodox approaches are welcomed. Work-in-progress is the intended target, versus projects that are already fully completed.

Example topics could include, but are not limited to:

  • Implications of deepfake maps and satellite images
  • Machine-learning / AI based map updating based on image input
  • AI-generated wayfinding directions
  • Geographic aspects of algorithmic bias
  • Automated means of iterating design elements in cartographic layouts
  • Explainable AI & mapping
  • Natural language interaction with maps
  • Mapping with ChatGPT, DALL-E, Midjourney, Stable Diffusion, etc…
  • Human-machine collaboration using maps

Workshop presentations will be used to motivate group discussions and hands-on experimentation in the second half of the planned 1-day workshop. We are excited to work together to push the limits of various AI mechanisms for cartographic design and inquiry, learning along the way about where the frontiers lie for future research and applications of AI in Cartography.

Submission Details

Deadline Extended! Please submit an abstract of <250 words that showcases either one major challenge or one significant opportunity that intersects AI and Cartography by May 15, 2023 May 19, 2023 to All submissions will be reviewed by the workshop organizers for clarity and fit with workshop themes. A final workshop agenda including accepted talks will be communicated by June 23, 2023.

Workshop Venue
This workshop will take place in-person on August 12, 2023 at the Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa. If you are attending the ICC 2023 in Cape Town, Stellenbosch is roughly an hour away by Taxi/Uber/Shuttle Service. We recommend staying in Stellenbosch for 1 or 2 nights if you prefer not to commute to/from Cape Town. Stellenbosch is famous for its wineries and there are many scenic hotels located on wineries nearby.

The workshop will be held at the Narga D Computer Lab at the Chamber of Mines (Geology) Building at Stellenbosch University, located here. This workshop is planned to take place in-person. We are exploring options to provide an online stream / recording of some of the talks, but the primary means for engagement will be to work together on-site.

We will provide an update closer to the start of the workshop with details regarding support for meals/coffee breaks on-site. The organizers will do everything possible to support food and drink while minimizing participation fees for participants.

We will notify authors and publish a preliminary workshop schedule by June 23, 2023.

Getting to Stellenbosch
We recommend booking a shuttle service or taking an Uber to get to Stellenbosch from downtown Cape Town or from Cape Town International Airport. Shuttle service and Uber costs are comparable, and should be roughly 600 ZAR per person between Cape Town Airport and Stellenbosch (~30 USD) and between 900 ZAR per person between Cape Town city center and Stellenbosch (~50 USD).

Stellenbosch Shuttles:

Shuttle Up: 

Uber price estimates + pre-booking:

Staying in Stellenbosch
This is a volunteer-organized pre-conference workshop, so we do not have resources to support a room block at a single hotel. Instead, we recommend you consider the following options:

Downtown, within walking distance (1km) from workshop venue:

Oude Werf – 4*, rooms available for ~$125 USD per night

Stellenbosch Hotel – 3*, rooms available for ~$75 USD per night

Wine Estates, within 10min Taxi/Uber from workshop venue (~7km to the NE):

Clouds Estate – 5*, rooms available for ~$175 USD per night

Alluvia Boutique Winery – 4*, rooms available for ~$125 per night

Le Pommier Wines Estate – 4*, rooms available for ~$100 per night.

Buttenfield, B. P. (1984). Line structure in graphic and geographic space (computer cartography, artificial intelligence, generalization). University of Washington. PhD Dissertation.

Brassel, K. E., & Weibel, R. (1988). A review and conceptual framework of automated map generalization. International Journal of Geographical Information Systems, 2(3), 229-244.

Christophe, S., Mermet, S., Laurent, M., & Touya, G. (2022). Neural map style transfer exploration with GANs. International Journal of Cartography, 8(1), 18-36.

Fisher, P. F., & Mackaness, W. A. (1987). Are cartographic expert systems possible?. In Proceedings AutoCarto Vol. 8, pp. 530-534.

Johnson, D. S., & Basoglu, U. (1989). The use of artificial intelligence in the automated placement of cartographic names. In Proceedings Auto-Carto Vol. 9, 225-230.

Kang, Y., Gao, S., & Roth, R. E. (2019). Transferring multiscale map styles using generative adversarial networks. International Journal of Cartography, 5(2–3), 115–141.

Kang, Y., Gao, S., & Roth, R. A Review and Synthesis of Recent GeoAI Research for Cartography: Methods, Applications, and Ethics. Proceedings of AutoCarto 2022. November 2-4, Redlands, CA.

Keskin, M., & Kettunen, P. (2023). Potential of eye-tracking for interactive geovisual exploration aided by machine learning. International Journal of Cartography, 1-23.

Santos, A., Martins, T., Correia, J. (2023). Creating stylised maps with neural style transfer. Accessed 19 February 2023.

Zhao, B., Zhang, S., Xu, C., Sun, Y., & Deng, C. (2021). Deep fake geography? When geospatial data encounter Artificial Intelligence. Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 48(4), 338-352.

Zhou, Z., Fu, C., & Weibel, R. (2022). Building simplification of vector maps using graph convolutional neural networks. Abstracts of the ICA, 5, 1-2.

First Call For Papers: 2020 ICA Workshop on Analytical Reasoning

2020 ICA Workshop on Analytical Reasoning

Cartography, Visualization, Design

Date: Monday 14 September 2020

Location: University of Warsaw, Poland

It has been 15 years since visual analytics was first established as the science of analytical reasoning facilitated by interactive maps and visualizations. Since then, new models have been proposed to understand cognitive reasoning processes, new technologies have been released to support interactive, mobile, and immersive mapping, and new methods have been developed to examine and evaluate user experiences with analytical support systems. We call for research papers in cartography, visualization, and allied design fields to capture the state-of-science on visuospatial analytical reasoning.

Analytical Reasoning goes beyond simply noticing a pattern, and invokes a complex set of processes that aim to explain what has been seen, or to predict what will happen next. Creating the conditions in which users are able to reason about spatial information is a difficult task, and there are many challenges to overcome. This workshop invites short reports on ongoing and emergent work that aims to tackle one of the many dimensions in cartography that relate to supporting analytical reasoning. Broadly speaking, we are seeking work that focuses on understanding users, their cognitive processes, and/or their interactions with visual representations and computational methods via maps or geographic visualization. We welcome research that tackles these and related problem areas through computational, representational, or contextual methodological lenses. This workshop will provide a forum in which new approaches and ideas can be discussed and where new research collaborations can be formed. 

Early stage work is explicitly encouraged, especially by junior scholars or those who might be new to cartography.

This workshop represents the joint efforts of the University of Warsaw Department of Geoinformatics, Cartography, and Remote Sensing in collaboration with the International Cartographic Association Commissions on Cognitive Issues in Geographic Information Visualization, Visual Analytics, and User Experience (UX)


We invite two kinds of contributions. First, we seek two-page short papers on completed research. Two-page short papers should be prepared using the CHI format, with accepted papers receiving 20 minutes for presentation and discussion. Second, we seek 150-word abstracts on work in progress or early graduate proposal ideas. Short abstracts will receive 5 minutes for a lightning talk presentation with discussion following all lightning talks. Select papers may be encouraged for expansion into a special journal issue, depending on participation.

Short papers and abstracts will be reviewed by two program committee members to gauge appropriateness for the workshop.

Relevant Topics Include:

  • Geovisualization and visual analytics
  • Storytelling for improved comprehension of geographic processes
  • User experience design for expert systems
  • Visuospatial cognition and reasoning
  • Models of spatial cognition
  • Models of human visuospatial reasoning
  • Individual and group differences in spatial abilities
  • Wayfinding and navigation
  • Reasoning on the go with augmented and mixed realities
  • Thematic map design
  • Visual variables and visual semiotics
  • User perspectives on thematic cartography
  • Human-computer interaction 
  • Immersive analytics
  • Understandable machine learning
  • Algorithms and spatial decision making
  • Spatial decision support systems


Papers and abstracts should be submitted using our EasyChair site located at:

2-page paper deadline: 15 May 2020

Short abstract deadline: 1 June 2020

Notification of acceptance: 15 June 2020

Registration deadline: 31 July 2020

If you need a visa to Poland to participate, or have other questions about the workshop, please contact the local organizers at


Please visit our workshop website for registration details: 

Every effort is being made to offer this workshop at a low cost, and we expect registration fees to be minimal with an optional group dinner taking place in the evening after the workshop concludes.